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DMSO, or dimethyl sulfoxide, is a by-product of paper making. It comes from a substance discovered in wood. DMSO has been utilized as a commercial solvent because the mid-1800s. From about the mid-20th century, scientists have explored its use as an anti-inflammatory agent. The FDA has authorized DMSO as a prescription medication for treating signs of unpleasant bladder syndrome. It’s likewise used under medical guidance to treat numerous other conditions, consisting of shingles.

DMSO is quickly soaked up by the skin. It’s sometimes used to increase the body’s absorption of other medications. DMSO is readily available without a prescription frequently in gel or cream kind. It can be bought in health food stores, by mail order, and on the Internet. While it can in some cases be discovered as an oral supplement, its safety is uncertain. DMSO is mainly used by using it to the skin. (1 )


DMSO is a prescription medicine and dietary supplement. It can be taken by mouth, applied to the skin (used topically), or injected into the veins (used intravenously or by IV).

DMSO is taken by mouth, used topically, or given intravenously for the management of amyloidosis and associated symptoms. Amyloidosis is a condition in which certain proteins are transferred abnormally in organs and tissues.

DMSO is used topically to decrease discomfort and speed the healing of wounds, burns, and muscle and skeletal injuries. DMSO is also used topically to treat painful conditions such as headache, inflammation, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and serious facial pain called tic douloureux. It is utilized topically for eye conditions including cataracts, glaucoma, and issues with the retina; for foot conditions consisting of bunions, calluses, and fungus on toe nails; and for skin problem including keloid scars and scleroderma. It is in some cases utilized topically to treat skin and tissue damage triggered by chemotherapy when it leakages from the IV that is used to provide it. DMSO is used either alone or in combination with a drug called idoxuridine to deal with discomfort related to shingles (herpes zoster infection).

Intravenously, DMSO is used to lower abnormally high blood pressure in the brain. It is likewise given intravenously to deal with bladder infections (interstitial cystitis) and persistent inflammatory bladder illness. The U.S. Fda (FDA) has approved specific DMSO products for placement inside the bladder to deal with signs of chronic inflammatory bladder illness. DMSO is sometimes put inside bile ducts with other medications to deal with bile duct stones. In production, DMSO is used as a commercial solvent for herbicides, fungicides, prescription antibiotics, and plant hormonal agents. (2 ).

Does DMSO truly work?

Let’s take a better look at DMSO as picture you need to know if it works and how it works. And believe me, I wish to get you through this rapidly so you can simply proceed with utilizing it.

Perhaps it’s my northern blood due to the fact that I do not do BS. When it pertains to natural health protocols I have one easy concern … does it work? (Like, does it actually assist individuals recover without doing any damage)!

And I have to say, I have actually used DMSO on myself and in my practice– and the answer is an impressive YES.

In a scientific setting– (which also consists of individuals on my detox retreats and my nutrition diploma students) … the outcomes have varied from nothing less than useful to absolutely nothing except amazing.

As part of a nutritional recovery wellness program, I have actually seen great outcomes with my own eyes: individuals who pertained to us IN a wheelchair, literally walking out the door by the end of just one week; disabling tinnitus entered 1 week; pain medications significantly decreased; movement drastically enhanced… rapid injury recovery; fast tissue repair (e.g. frozen shoulders); elimination of headaches; reduced arthritic pain; cured pain in the back; minimized oedema; enhanced memory.

Even Animals

I have actually even used DMSO as part of my dog’s rehab procedure for a shoulder injury. And by the way, her physio likewise treats horses and reports knowing numerous veterinarians who use DMSO consistently in the treatment of equine muscle or joint injury. (3 ).

What is DMSO used for?

DMSO is an extremely flexible treatment. For beginners, it’s one of the few substances that can be administered orally, topically, and through injection of both the vein and the muscle. The results of countless research studies vouching for its health-promoting residential or commercial properties strongly support the view that DMSO is a truly significant healing anti-inflammatory and that holds pledge in managing a wide range of devastating conditions:.

Arthritis – With its capability to permeate tissues, DMSO shows worth in minimizing discomfort and inflammation in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and perhaps even gout.

Atherosclerosis – In laboratory tests, DMSO has actually demonstrated its ability to delay the development of atherosclerosis (constricting of the arteries) induced by dietary cholesterol, as well as reduce the accumulation of cholesterol in tissues, in spite of severely elevated levels.

Drug extravasation injury – Extravasation describes the escape of a drug into the extravascular area (soft tissue), either by leakage from a vessel or by direct infiltration. When chemotherapy drugs leak into surrounding tissues (extravasate), the effects can be significantly harmful. Numerous studies have actually shown that DMSO application has considerably improved extravasation tissue injury in affected patients.

Herpes – DMSO has actually been utilized to boost penetration of alpha-interferon lotion in the treatment of herpes.

Interstitial cystitis – Instilling DMSO in the urinary bladder is an FDA-approved pain-relieving treatment for this chronic inflammatory condition.

Reflex supportive dystrophy – DMSO helps ease the pain of this condition, an autonomic nerve system condition identified mostly by frustrating discomfort in the extremities.

Scleroderma (hardening of the skin) – In standard work done at the Cleveland Center, topical DMSO was discovered to have an anti-inflammatory effect while increasing blood supply to the skin.

Stress and sprains – DMSO supplies rapid elimination of pain and increased mobility when utilized topically. It goes through the skin’s oily membranes and minimizes swelling and swelling almost instantly.

Keloids, Scars, Burns, Bruises – A concentration of 50 to 80% put on 2 or three times a day will flatten a raised scar after a number of months. It is of considerable worth in superficial burns and when applied rapidly to an injury, it can eliminate any bruising. (4 ).

What proof is there that DMSO works?

There is extremely little scientifically legitimate research study to show that DMSO is useful for any medical condition including its approved medical usages. The United States Fda performed testing on DMSO in the early 1960’s and stopped after finding that making use of this item was causing severe eye issues in their test animals. Ever since well-controlled clinical trials have actually not been performed on this product to determine if there are possible adverse effects from its long term use or if there are possibly damaging drug interactions. A double blind placebo regulated research study carried out in Germany and published in 1995, did show that 25% DMSO gel applied topically to arthritic joints did minimize discomfort during both rest and activity. However, it needs to be thoroughly kept in mind that these outcomes might not be reproduced in the United States. (5 ).

DMSO What You Required To Know

  • An affordable compound called dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) holds fantastic promise in managing a varied range of health conditions, yet has actually largely been ignored by the medical neighborhood.
  • Originally found as a byproduct of paper manufacturing, DMSO has shown remarkable anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant residential or commercial properties.
  • DMSO is presently authorized for only one scientific indicator: interstitial cystitis, an uncomfortable persistent inflammatory condition of the urinary bladder.
  • Among DMSO’s most appealing roles is treating severe closed head injury. Research by Dr. Stanley Jacob shows that DMSO relieves brain swelling and brings back blood flow and oxygenation following such injuries.
  • Research studies suggest even more applications for DMSO in combating diseases such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, Alzheimer’s disease, and ulcerative colitis.
  • DMSO’s benefits are mainly unidentified and not available to the US public, mostly since it is a low-cost compound that is disqualified for patenting by pharmaceutical business. (6 )

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

How to Take It


Do not provide sulfur to a child.


There is no advised dietary allowance for sulfur. Many people get all they require from their diet plan. (7 ).

Dimethyl sulfoxide Negative effects

Negative effects needing instant medical attention

Together with its necessary results, dimethyl sulfoxide may cause some undesirable impacts. Although not all of these adverse effects might take place, if they do happen they might require medical attention.

Talk to your physician immediately if any of the following negative effects take place while taking dimethyl sulfoxide:.

  • Nasal congestion
  • shortness of breath or distressed breathing
  • skin rash, hives, or itching
  • swelling of face

Some clients might have some discomfort during the time this medicine is being put into the bladder. Nevertheless, the discomfort typically becomes less each time the medicine is used.

Dimethyl sulfoxide might trigger you to have a garlic-like taste within a few minutes after the medicine is taken into the bladder. This impact might last for several hours. It may also trigger your breath and skin to have a garlic-like smell, which might last as much as 72 hours.

Handling negative effects (general info)

For Healthcare Professionals.

Applies to dimethyl sulfoxide: intensifying liquid, irrigation service, topical option.


Frequency not reported: Smell on skin (may stay for 72 hours).


Frequency not reported: Garlic-like taste (a couple of minutes after instillation), odor on breath (may stay for 72 hours).


Frequency not reported: Chemical cystitis.


Frequency not reported: Serious pain on administration.

More about dimethyl sulfoxide

  • During Pregnancy
  • Dosage Details
  • Drug Interactions
  • En Español
  • Drug class: miscellaneous genitourinary tract agents

Client resources

  • Drug Information
  • Dimethyl sulfoxide Intravesical (Advanced Reading)

Other brand names

  • Cryoserv, Rimso-50

Related treatment guides

  • Bladder Infection
  • Interstitial Cystitis (8 )

What are the side effects of Dimethyl Sulfoxide (Rimso-50)?

Get emergency medical assistance if you have signs of an allergy: hives; tough breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Tell your caretakers if you feel serious discomfort or inflammation when the medication is inserted, or while you are holding it in your bladder. This might become less noticeable in time with repeat treatments.

You might observe a garlic- or onion-like taste in your mouth while you are getting dimethyl sulfoxide. This effect may last for a number of hours after you get the medication, and you may likewise pick up these odors on your breath or skin. This is a normal side effect of dimethyl sulfoxide and is not cause for issue.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may happen. Call your physician for medical guidance about side effects. You might report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most crucial info I should learn about Dimethyl Sulfoxide (Rimso-50)?

You must not be treated with dimethyl sulfoxide if you dislike it.

  • Tell your physician if you have ever had:
  • bladder or kidney cancer; or
  • vision problems.
  • It is not known whether this medicine will hurt a coming infant. Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
  • It might not be safe to breast-feed while using this medicine. Ask your medical professional about any threat. (9 )

Human And Animal Metabolism

DMSO is metabolized in people by oxidation to dimethyl sulfone, DMSO2 or by reduction to dimethyl sulfide, DMS. DMSO and DMSO2 are excreted in the urine and feces. DMS is eliminated through the breath and skin with a particular “garlic” or “oyster-like” odor. Human excretion of orally administered DMSO is complete within 120 hours, with urinary excretion being the primary path. The rate of kidney clearance has actually been shown to be comparable for persistent and singly administered doses no matter dose concentration. No residual build-up of DMSO has been reported in people or lower animals who have gotten DMSO treatment for protracted amount of times, regardless of route of dose administration.

Metabolite Toxicity

The metabolites of DMSO are DMSO2, which naturally takes place at low levels in human urine (PDR, 1994) 8, and DMS, which naturally takes place in plants, the environment, and lakes and oceans (Pearson et al., 1981) 9. Both of these metabolites are readily excreted from the body. Based on their widespread natural event and prepared destruction and/or excretion, the production of these metabolites from the proposed use of DMSO on food producing plants is not anticipated to posture any toxicological issue.

Impacts On Other Organisms

Impacts on Plants. DMSO by itself and DMSO with antibiotics, minerals, nutrients, pesticides and other materials have actually been sprayed on, injected into, painted on, and fed to a range of plants. It has a low order of phytotoxicity in these applications.

Results on Fish. Wilford11investigated the toxicity of DMSO in water to 9 species of fish. At 96 hours, the LC-50 was 32,000 to 43,000 ppm DMSO (3 – 4%). This is far less hazardous than acetone (fingernail polish eliminator) and other commonly utilized solvents.

Results on Sewage Plants. DMSO is naturally degradable in biological systems. It is converted in part to methyl sulfone and to dimethyl sulfide. The sulfone is steady and inert and broken down only gradually by microbes or physical elements. At high concentrations, some DMS might leave, producing its particular smell.

Natural Occurrences In Food

The incident of DMSO and its metabolites, dimethyl sulfide and methyl sulfone (DMSO2), have actually been extensively reported in a range of foods. Pearson9 and colleagues reported finding 0.07 to 16 ppm DMSO, along with DMSO2, in 14 fruits, vegetables or beverages. This natural occurrence guarantees that the body can dispose of DMSO by reputable metabolic processes. Naturally-occurring DMSO has been determined in alfalfa, asparagus, barley, beans, beets, cabbage, corn, cucumbers, oats, onions, Swiss chard, tomatoes, apples, raspberries, spearmint, beer, milk, coffee and tea. DMSO concentrations in fresh fruits, veggies and grains ranged from undetected (<< 0.05 parts per million) to 1.8 ppm.


DMSO is not mutagenic to Salmonella, Drosophila, and fish cell cultures. Since DMSO is so non-reactive as a mutagen, it is extensively used as a solvent in mutagenicity screening. Although DMSO is bacteriostatic or bactericidal at concentrations of 5-50%, there is no evidence that DMSO triggers chromosomal aberrations at levels that are not directly toxic to cells. Bone marrow smears from primates (rhesus monkeys) that got oral or topical dosages of DMSO for 18 months showed no DMSO effects (Vogin et al., 1970) 12. An in vivo cytogenetics research study of DMSO administered by intraperitoneal injection to male rats discovered a considerable increase in aberrant femoral bone marrow cells when compared to controls (Kapp and Eventoff, 1980) 13. However, proof from the Salmonella research studies and other toxicology information, especially the teratology data, recommends that the increase in aberrant femoral cells likely arised from direct toxicity of DMSO injected into an animal instead of a traditional “mutagenic” response.

According to Brayton (1986 ), there are no recorded negative hereditary impacts reported as a result of medicinal DMSO uses (including quasi-medicinal usages for treatment of arthritis or sprains and pressures). Additionally, no unfavorable hereditary results have been reported from occupational direct exposure to DMSO in over 40 years of industrial use (Brayton, 1986). There is no evidence that DMSO triggers chromosomal aberrations at levels that are not directly hazardous to cells.

Reproductive And Developmental Toxicity

A mouse teratology NOEL of 12g/kg/day has been developed based on research study with a 50% DMSO solution administered orally. Extra teratogenicity research studies of orally administered DMSO to pregnant mice, rats, bunnies and guinea pigs have actually shown that DMSO is not a teratogen in mammals other than at high levels that cause overt maternal toxicity and are coincident with the optimum endured dose. The data suggest that DMSO is not teratogenic at low levels regardless of the route of administration. Finally, the teratogenic potential of DMSO is dependent on the route of administration, the dosage level and gestation phase at direct exposure.

The one study (Robens, 1968) that did reveal proof of teratogenic effects (in hamsters, one of three animal types evaluated) from oral administration of DMSO is improper to use for a teratologic evaluation of DMSO for the following reasons:.

DMSO was not the substance of interest however was utilized just as a solvent control at two very high dosage levels which prevented establishing a NOEL.

One of the DMSO levels checked led to maternal death and was clearly beyond the optimum tolerated dose (MTD).

DMSO is not considered to be straight embryotoxic and has been revealed to be an effective cryoprotectant for mammalian semen and embryos (Brayton, 1986).

In summary, the evidence of the above teratology information recommends that:

DMSO is not a teratogen to mammals when administered through oral and dermal paths at dose levels that do not produce obvious maternal toxicity.

DMSO is not a teratogen at low dosage levels regardless of the path of administration.

The teratogenic capacity of DMSO depends on path of administration, the dose level and the gestational time of exposure.


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