Maitake

26 mins read

Other name( s):

Champignon dansant, champignon des fous dansants, champignon maitake, dancing mushroom, grifola, grifola frondosa, hen of the woods, hongo maitake, king of mushrooms, maitake, monkey’s bench, mushroom, return of investment des champignons, rack fungi.

Overview

Maitake mushroom is a fungus that has been eaten as food in asia for thousands of years. Individuals likewise utilize it to make medication.

Maitake mushroom is utilized to treat cancer and likewise to ease some of the side effects of chemical treatment (chemotherapy) for cancer. It is also used for hiv/aids, chronic fatigue syndrome (cfs), hepatitis, hay fever, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, weight reduction or control, and infertility due to a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome.

If you decide to harvest maitake mushrooms, make sure you can tell them apart from poisonous mushrooms. This job is probably best left to experts.

How does it work?

Maitake mushroom includes chemicals which may help battle tumors and stimulate the immune system. There is some evidence that it can reduce high blood pressure, enhance cholesterol levels, lower blood glucose levels, and decrease weight in rats, however this has not been revealed for people yet. (1 ).

What health benefits are connected to maitake mushroom?

Compared to other mushrooms, maitake has actually revealed much better results in preventing and treating cancer and other health conditions. Maitake likewise has a favorable impact on total resistance.

Maitake mushrooms are abundant in:.

  • Antioxidants
  • Beta-glucans
  • Vitamins b and c
  • Copper
  • Potassium
  • Fiber
  • Minerals
  • Amino acids

The mushrooms are likewise:.

  • Fat-free
  • Low-sodium
  • Low-calorie
  • Cholesterol-free

Researchers are presently studying the distinct way the mushroom supports overall health and battles illness.

What the research says

Laboratory research suggests that maitake may work in treating specific health problems. More research studies are needed to confirm its result on humans, but the present findings are appealing.

Cancer

A 2013 study shows that maitake d-fraction could be useful in avoiding and dealing with breast cancer. Researchers recommend that this mushroom can combat the development and recreation of malignant cells.

Maitake mushroom has been shown to suppress tumor development in mice. It can likewise increase the variety of cells combating against the tumor. This recommends that it might also be effective in handling cancer in human beings when taken orally.

An earlier study discovered maitake d-fraction, which is an extract, to be effective in eliminating human cancer cells. It was taken alongside a protein that also battles cancer and prospered in increasing the protein’s efficiency.

Cholesterol

Scientists in a 2013 research study discovered that maitake powdered extract decreased cholesterol levels in mice. It was likewise shown to increase fatty acids that offer energy. Because of this, scientists thought that eating maitake mushroom may help keep arteries healthy.

Type 2 diabetes

The outcomes of a 2015 study revealed that maitake mushroom can have a favorable effect on rats with type 2 diabetes. Throughout the study, maitake mushroom usage had a favorable effect on glucose levels of rats. This indicates the mushroom’s capacity to treat type 2 diabetes in humans.

Maitake mushroom may also work in treating:

  • Cold and flu infections
  • High or low high blood pressure
  • Immune function
  • Negative effects of chemotherapy (2 )

Botany

The maitake mushroom is found in northeastern japan however likewise grows and is cultivated in the united states and europe. It is a basidiomycetes fungus in the polyporaceae household (synonym, polyporus frondosus dicks. Ex fries). The maitake mushroom grows in clusters near the foot of oak trees and can reach 50 cm in base size. One lot can weigh approximately 45 kg (100 pounds). Maitake has a rippling, flowery appearance looking like dancing butterflies, for this reason among its common names, dancing mushroom.

Chemistry

The polysaccharide beta-glucan is present in low quantities (0% to 0.2%) 2 in most of the mushrooms in the polyporaceae family (eg, reishi mushroom) and possesses antitumor activity. The d portion of beta-glucan seems the most active and potent type of the polysaccharide, a protein-bound extract established in japan. An md-fraction has now been described, too, with supposedly superior activity. Both structure-functional relationship and fractionation by anion exchange chromatography of beta-glucan8 have actually been reported.

Neutral, acidic, and water-soluble polysaccharides have actually been drawn out from maitake, and their structure has been determined. Two different glycan conformations have been acquired from the plant. The beta-1,3- glycan grifolan conformation has been clarified utilizing magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Ascorbic acid analog and glycoside research studies have actually been reported. A lectin from maitake has actually been separated and identified. In addition, a grifolisin enzyme and the enzyme phytase have actually been explained and lysophosphatidylethanolamine has actually been recognized in studies examining apoptosis in neuronal cells.

Structural characterization of maitake extract constituents and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of the fruit body’s constituents have actually been carried out.

Dosing

Disease-prevention dosages of business preparations vary from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of whole powder daily. A trial among hiv-positive patients utilized dosages of 6 g/day entire powder or 20 mg purified extract with 4 g whole maitake powder. (3 ).

Conventional usage (might not be supported by scientific research studies)

Historically, maitake has been used as a tonic and adaptogen (a compound that rejuvenates or strengthens the system). Together with other “medical” mushrooms, such as shiitake and reishi, maitake was used as a food to help promote health and vigor.

Parts utilized & where grown

Maitake is a large mushroom, which grows deep in the mountains of northeastern japan, as well as in north america and europe. Famous for its taste and health advantages, maitake is also referred to as the “dancing mushroom.” 1 legend holds that those who discovered the rare mushroom began dancing with delight. Others associate its name to the way the fruit bodies of the mushroom overlap each other, giving the appearance of dancing butterflies.

Maitake is exceptionally conscious ecological modifications, which have actually presented many obstacles to those cultivating this mushroom. Nevertheless, japanese farmers have been successful in producing top quality natural maitake mushrooms, enabling broader schedule both in japan and the u.s. The fruiting body and mycelium of maitake are utilized. (4 ).

Maitake mushroom nutrition truths

One cup of diced raw maitake mushrooms (70g) consists of 22 calories, 0.1 g of fat, 4.9 g of carbohydrates, and 1.4 g of protein. Maitake are an exceptional source of vitamin d, phosphorus, and potassium. The following nutrition info for one cup of raw, diced maitake mushrooms (70g) is offered by the usda.

  • Calories: 22
  • Fat: 0.1 g
  • Sodium: 0.7 mg
  • Carbohydrates: 4.9 g
  • Fiber: 1.9 g
  • Sugars: 1.5 g
  • Protein: 1.4 g
  • vitamin d: 20mg
  • Phosphorus: 52mg
  • Potassium: 143mg

Carbohydrates

One 70 gram serving of maitake mushrooms contains 4.9 grams of carbohydrates. The very same serving size of maitake mushrooms provides 1.9 g of fiber and 1.4 g of sugar.

For the serving size, this makes maitake mushrooms a high-fiber food. The fiber types provided by maitake mushrooms consist of β-glucans (beta-glucans), chitin, and heteropolysaccharides.

Fats

Maitake mushrooms consist of little fat, with only 0.1 gram of fat per serving, none of which is saturated or transfat.

Protein

Maitake mushrooms include only 1.4 grams of protein in a 1-cup (70g) serving. Maitake mushrooms are not a complete protein source, implying they do not have some of the necessary Amino acids.

Minerals and vitamins

As with other mushroom ranges, maitakes consist of a number of vitamins and minerals. A 70-gram serving provides 20mg of vitamin d, 52mg of phosphorus, 0.5 mg of zinc, 7mg of magnesium, and 143mg of potassium. They likewise include a number of b vitamins, consisting of 14.7 mcg of folate. Maitakes are also an exceptional source of plant-based choline (35mg).

Calories

A one-cup (70g) serving of maitake mushrooms consists of 22 calories with 74% of those calories originating from carbs, 21% from protein, and 5% from fat.

Summary

Maitake mushrooms are a nutrient-dense food low in calories, carbs, and fat. Maitake mushrooms are a plant-based source of vitamin d, b vitamins, choline, and zinc, which are generally found more frequently in animal sources. They likewise offer other minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium. (5 ).

Maitake green tea

Green tea is a healthy powerhouse and research reveals it can assist you live longer and much healthier. There are several ranges of green tea and all can be used for this mushroom tea dish. Japanese green teas will lend a sweeter, more vegetal flavor while chinese green teas will be more earthy and strong. shiitake mushrooms can be alternatived to maitake if required.

Ingredients:

  • 10 grams maitake mushrooms
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract or 1/2 a vanilla bean
  • 1 tablespoon loose leaf green tea
  • 8 ounces hot water

Directions:

  1. Heat water in a large pot till it reaches a boil.
  2. Include the maitake mushrooms and steep for 10 to 15 minutes.
  3. Turn heat to medium prior to adding vanilla and green tea leaves.
  4. Steep for 5 more minutes.
  5. Strain the tea leaves and mushroom pieces using a great mesh strainer. Take pleasure in! (6 )

Why consume maitake tea?

Believe it or not, maitake tea is made with maitake mushrooms. They grow wild in parts of japan, china, and the United States and Canada and have been used in traditional medicine for countless years, thanks to its impact on total health and energy levels.

Maitake mushrooms are nutritional powerhouses, packed with anti-oxidants, beta glucans, vitamins b and c, Amino acids, in addition to minerals like copper, potassium and fibre.

Why discover how to make maitake tea?

First things first: there are great deals of reasons that adding maitake tea to your diet plan can enhance your wellness. But don’t forget– maitake is powerful.

Speak with your medical professional about whether maitake mushrooms are right for you since they can interact with other treatments. If you’re prepping for (or recuperating from) surgery, it’s an excellent concept to give maitake a miss for a month or two. In the meantime, take a look at these prospective benefits:.

Maitake tea for the immune system

When it comes to antioxidants, maitake loads a punch. Not only that, maitake is high in beta-glucan, d-fraction, md-fraction, and sx-fraction. These are protein polysaccharides that have been found to have a positive impact on the immune system. Entering flu season and with other bugs on the radar, you may do well to add maitake to your regime.

Remember, both fresh, liquid and powdered mushrooms hold high antioxidant levels– and mushrooms have stacks of other advantages, too.

Maitake tea for heart health

Another effective polysaccharide in maitake mushrooms is beta glucan. This fungi gem can help reduce your ldl cholesterol (the “bad” one) without affecting your triglyceride (” excellent”) cholesterol levels.

You probably currently know that having high cholesterol levels isn’t excellent news. But lowering your cholesterol can improve your artery functionality and lower your danger of heart disease. Much better cardiovascular health is definitely good news!

Maitake tea for blood sugar level

A 2015 research study discovered that maitake mushrooms had favorable results on rats with type 2 diabetes. Further study is needed, however it indicates maitake’s potential to assist with type 2 diabetes and healthy blood glucose levels in humans.

How to make maitake tea

If you like an easy, no hassle way to get the benefits of maitake tea, just add a teaspoon of powdered maitake medicinal mushrooms to whatever you’re consuming. Our founder, graham, is also a fan of the yoghurt approach. We asked him to elaborate and he stated “you simply put it in your yoghurt,” which seems easy enough.

If you’re keen on something with a bit more pizazz, attempt these dishes on for size.

Herbal maitake tea

Stir 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medical mushroom powder into 250ml of hot water. Sweeten to taste with honey or stevia– then take a lap around the garden. Mint, sage, and lemon all make great additions to maitake tea. If you prefer a creamier beverage, usage hot milk or a milk replacement of your option.

Make your maitake tea a hot chocolate

Integrate warm water with 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medical mushroom powder. Enable this mixture to steep for a few minutes. Top up with 1/4 cup of milk or milk alternative, a teaspoon raw cacao, and a teaspoon of honey.

Blitz in the mixer for a foamy top. (7 ).

Do not take if

You are taking blood sugar-lowering medications: maitake might increase their impacts in type-2 diabetic patients.

You are taking warfarin: according to a case report, maitake can connect with warfarin leading to a raised worldwide stabilized ratio (inr). (8 ).

The dangers of maitake mushroom supplements

Supplement types

An extract of the maitake mushroom called maitake d-fraction is commonly offered as a supplement in tablet, pill and liquid type. Other frequently sold supplements include powdered, freeze-dried maitake mushrooms in pills. Supplements might be labeled maitake, maitake d-fraction or beta glucan. Maitake mushrooms are also combined with other active ingredients in some formulas touted to boost the body immune system.

Medicinal uses

Promoters claim that besides generally boosting the body immune system, the maitake mushroom can suppress tumor growth and boost the impacts of chemotherapy in cancer clients. According to the american cancer society, much of the maitake’s credibility as a body immune system strengthener relied on folklore until current decades, when scientists began studying the mushroom. Maitake d-fraction has revealed favorable effects on the body immune system in lab and animal research studies. There have not sufficed clinical studies to draw conclusions about maitake mushroom supplements’ benefits and risks to people.

Dangers of maitake supplements

Eaten as food in typical quantities, maitakes most likely don’t posture a danger unless you dislike them, according to the american cancer society. There’s inadequate evidence to determine any risks of taking maitake mushroom supplements in medicinal quantities, and the susan g. Komen foundation advises against taking maitake if you’re pregnant or breast-feeding. People with an immune disorder should likewise proceed cautiously. A small study of breast cancer patients reported in the “journal of cancer research study and scientific oncology” in 2009 discovered that liquid maitake extracts boosted some body immune system functions however depressed other immune functions. Maitake might also position risks to people with low blood pressure, bleeding conditions or diabetes, according to the komen foundation.

Interactions with drugs

Because they may increase bleeding, be careful about taking maitake mushroom supplements if you are likewise taking blood-thinning medications such as warfarin. Komen likewise recommends against blending maitake mushroom supplements with diabetes or high blood pressure medications. Consult your physician before taking the mushroom supplements if you are on drugs that may connect with the maitake. (9 ).

Supplement-drug interactions can be unsafe and, in unusual cases, even dangerous. Constantly consult your medical professional before supplementing and let them learn about all drugs and supplements you are using or thinking about.

One case report recorded a possible interaction in between maitake d-fraction and a blood thinner, warfarin.

Due to their anti-diabetic and blood pressure-lowering impacts, maitake supplements might engage with drugs for these conditions.

If you’re taking any of the above drugs, make certain not to take maitake supplements prior to seeking advice from your physician. (10 ).

Medications for high blood pressure (antihypertensive drugs) interacts with maitake mushroom

Maitake mushroom might decrease blood pressure. Taking maitake mushroom in addition to medications that lower blood pressure may trigger blood pressure to go too low. Display your high blood pressure closely.

Medications for diabetes (antidiabetes drugs) interacts with maitake mushroom

Maitake mushroom may decrease blood sugar level levels. Taking maitake mushroom in addition to diabetes medications might cause blood glucose to drop too low. Display your blood sugar closely.

Unique preventative measures and warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: there isn’t adequate reputable info to know if maitake mushroom is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Remain on the safe side and prevent usage.

Surgical treatment: maitake mushroom may affect blood glucose levels, making blood glucose control tough during and after surgical treatment. Stop utilizing maitake mushroom a minimum of 2 weeks before a set up surgery. (11 ).

When purchasing maitake:

Search for extracts standardized to the d-fraction of maitake (stemmed from a polysaccharide called beta glucan). Industrial preparations typically offer 3 to 25 mg of standardized d– or md-fraction plus 75 to 250 mg entire powder per capsule.

Maitake dosage:

Disease-prevention doses of business preparations vary from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of entire powder daily.

Children’s dose:

None specified. May consider half the adult dosage in kids aged 6-12 years.

Dr. Dwayne says:

I’m an excellent follower in the immune-enhancing and cancer-protective homes of asian mushrooms, including maitake. It is edible and delicious, and part of the recommendations in my anti-inflammatory diet pyramid. You ought to be able to find it dried or fresh in japanese markets, premium stores, or upscale supermarkets or as extracts. (12 ).

Scientific summary

Maitake is an edible mushroom consumed commonly in asia as food and used in standard medication to treat diabetes and hypertension. Its extracts are commercially available as dietary supplements marketed to “boost immune function” and to treat hiv and cancer. Beta 1,6-glucan, a protein bound polysaccharide, has actually been determined as the active constituent. Maitake extracts showed hypoglycemic effects in a few research studies. Initial data likewise recommend that they may work in causing ovulation in clients with polycystic ovary syndrome.

In other studies, maitake demonstrated antitumor effects, boosted bone marrow colony development, decreased doxorubicin toxicity, and hindered tumor metastasis in vitro. In murine models, orally administered extracts promoted maturation of hematopoietic cells to functionally active myeloid cells and improved peripheral blood leukocyte healing following chemotoxic bone marrow injury; and protected against cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression. A novel polysaccharide, mzf, was revealed to cause dendritic cell maturation and improved antitumor action; a selenium-enriched polysaccharide improved the antitumor activity of 5-fu; and a combination of polysaccharides and vitamin c was reported to induce apoptosis and autophagy in human hepatoma cells. Maitake likewise boosted interferon activity versus bladder cancer cells and reduced swelling connected with inflammatory bowel illness.

In addition, a maitake portion showed antileishmanial results; and a maitake polysaccharide has been reported to ameliorate lipid metabolic conditions by modulating gut microbial phylotypes and by managing genes involved in hepatic lipid and cholesterol metabolism.

In a small non-controlled research study, growth regression or significant enhancements in symptoms were observed in half of the topics who took maitake extract. In a trial of postmenopausal breast cancer patients, oral administration of a maitake extract was shown to have immunomodulatory results; and to boost neutrophil and monocyte function in clients with myelodysplastic syndrome. More research studies are underway to examine maitake’s anticancer potential. (13 ).

Referrals

  1. Https://www.rxlist.com/maitake_mushroom/supplements.htm
  2. Https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/maitake-mushroom#benefits
  3. Https://www.drugs.com/npp/maitake.html
  4. Https://wa.kaiserpermanente.org/kbase/topic.jhtml?Docid=hn-2127000#hn-2127000-related-information
  5. Https://www.verywellfit.com/the-benefits-of-maitake-89037
  6. Https://senchateabar.com/blogs/blog/how-to-make-mushroom-tea
  7. Https://www.touchwoodmushrooms.com/blogs/news/how-to-make-maitake-tea
  8. Https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maitake
  9. Https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/risks-maitake-mushroom-supplements-10999.html
  10. Https://supplements.selfdecode.com/blog/maitake-mushrooms/
  11. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-560/maitake-mushroom
  12. Https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/herbs/maitake/
  13. Https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maitake
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